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CLAT Syllabus And Pattern

CLAT 2020 Exam Pattern

Note: The CLAT pattern mentioned below is of CLAT 2019, CLAT 2020 Exam Pattern is yet to be confirmed by NLU Consortium CLAT is a test of one’s aptitude and reasoning abilities. It comprises of five sections namely: Verbal Ability, Mathematics, Logical Reasoning, General Knowledge and Legal Aptitude. Each question carries 1 mark and for every incorrect attempt, 0.25 marks will be deducted.
Subject/Section Topic

Verbal Ability




Logical Reasoning


General Awareness


Legal Aptitude


Total Marks


Total Time (min)


Negative Marking

0.25 marks for each wrong answer

CLAT 2020 Syllabus

  • English including comprehension: The English section will test the candidates’ proficiency in English based on comprehension passages and grammar. In the comprehension section, candidates will be questioned on their understanding of the passage and its central theme, meanings of words used therein, etc. The grammar section requires correction of incorrect grammatical sentences, filling of blanks in sentences with appropriate words, etc.
  • General Knowledge and Current Affairs: The General knowledge will be tested on the general awareness including static general knowledge. Questions on current affairs will test candidates on their knowledge of national and international current affairs.
  • Mathematics: This section will test candidate’s knowledge on elementary mathematics, i.e., maths taught up to 10th Class/standard.
  • Legal Aptitude: This section will test candidate’s interest towards study of law, research aptitude and problem solving ability. Questions may include legal propositions (described in the paper), and a set of facts to which the said proposition has to be applied. Some propositions may not be “true” in the real sense, candidates will have to assume the “truth” of these propositions and answer the questions accordingly.
  • Logical Reasoning: The purpose of the logical reasoning section is to test the candidate’s ability to identify patterns, logical links and rectify illogical arguments. It may include a variety of logical reasoning questions such as syllogisms, logical sequences, analogies, etc. However, visual reasoning will not be tested.

Detailed Syllabus

Subject/Section Topic
Verbal Ability 1. Synonyms Antonyms (Vocabulary Based)
2. Grammar or English Usage
3. Correction in Sentence
4. Fill in the blanks
5. Jumbled Paragraph and Close Passage
6. Analogies and Reverse Analogies
7. Meaning/Usage Match
8. Summary Questions
9. Reading Comprehension


1. Number Systems
2. LCM & HCF
3. Profit, Loss & Discount
4. Percentages
5. Speed, Time & Distance
6. Time & Work
7. Simple & Compound Interest
8. Ratio & Proportion
9. Averages
10. Quadratic & Linear Equations
11. Sequences & Series
12. Surds & Indices
13. Probability, Permutation and Combination
14. Mixtures & Allegations
15. Mensuration

Logical Reasoning

1.   Number and Letter Series
2.   Calendars, Cubes and Clocks
3.   Seating Arrangement
4.   Syllogism
5.   Logical Matching
6.   Logical Sequence
7.   Logical Connectives
8.   Blood Relation

General Awareness

  • Static Portion


  • Harappan and Indus Valley Civilization

  • Vedic Age

  • Maurya and Gupta

  • Art and Culture- important ancient Temples and Institutions like Nalanda, Tkshila, Vikramshila etc

  • Chronology of Medieval India and their important systems

  • India’s freedom Movement and their personality, important events etc


  • Indian Physiography, drainage pattern, soil

  • Indian agriculture – Major crops and cropping patterns in various parts of the country

  • Indian industries –  Distribution of key natural resources and associated Industrial Location

  • Population and settlements facts like child sex ratio, birth rate etc.

  • Salient features of India and world’s physical and political geography.

  • Origin of the earth and their evolution

  • Explanation of basic phenomenon such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc.,

  • India and its neighboring countries

  • Famous Sea port and Airport and their location

  • Important institution of world and India and their locations like BRICS, World Bank, IMF and RBI, etc


  • Economic Growth and Development in India: National

  • Income Determination, GDP, GNP, NDP, NNP, Personal Income

  • Measures of Economic Development: Human Development Index, Green GDP, Gross National Happiness Index

  • Budget and Economic survey

  • Five Year Plans

  • Poverty, Inequality, and Unemployment

  • Millennium Development Goals & Sustainable Development Goals and India

  • Monetary Policy in India: Inflation, deflation, Recessionary and Inflationary Scenarios

  • Banks & Financial markets

  • Taxation in India

  • Institutions and their importance like RBI, SEBI, etc.

  • International economic organizations and regional organization like The Bretton Woods Twins- World Bank and IMF, ASEAN,

  • ADB, BRICS Bank, AIIB, The World Trade Organization (WTO) and India


  • Preamble, salient features, historical constitutional acts.

  • Fundamental rights and duties

  • Judicial Institutions such as Supreme Court, High Courts, District and Sessions Court

  • Quasi-Judicial Institutions like Tribunals, Administrative Boards etc

  • Writs such as Mandamus, Prohibition, Habeas Corpus, Quo Warranto etc

  • Election of President , Vice President, MP, MLA and their functions

  • Important constitution bodies like CAG, Attorney General, Advocate General, Election Commission of India and States, Finance Commission etc

  • Facts about parliament

  • Governor and his functions

  • State legislature

  • Major Constitutional amendments and their importance

  • Official Language

  • Emergency Provisions

  • Special Provisions like A.370, 371, 371A, B, I, H etc

Current Affairs

  • Sports

  • Population Census

  • Important books and their writers

  • First sports achievement for India and world like first Olympic, first Asian Game, etc.

  • State Animals and Symbols

  • Nobel Prizes Conferred

  • Important Days

  • Awards their importance

Legal Aptitude

  • Civil Law

  • Law of Torts.

  • Nature and definition.

  • Liability based upon fault and strict liability; Absolute liability.

  • Vicarious liability including State liability.

  • General defences.

  • Joint tort feasors.

  • Remedies.

  • Negligence.

  • Defamation.

  • Nuisance.

  • Conspiracy.

  • False imprisonment.

  • Malicious prosecution.

Indian Contract Act.

  • Nature and formation of contract/Econtract.

  • Factors vitiating free consent.

  • Void, voidable, illegal and unenforceable agreements.

  • Performance and discharge of contracts.

  • Quasi- Contracts.

  • Consequences of breach of contract.

  • Contract of indemnity, guarantee and insurance.

  • Contract of agency.

  • Basics of Indian Sale of Goods Act. & Indian Partnership Act.

Criminal Law

  • General principles of criminal liability: Mens rea and actus reus, mens rea in statutory offences.

  • Kinds of punishment and emerging trends as to abolition of capital punishment.

  • Preparation and criminal attempt.

  • General exceptions.

  • Joint and constructive liability.

  • Abetment.

  • Criminal conspiracy.

  • Offences against the State.

  • Offences against public tranquility.

  • Offences against human body.

  • Offences against property.

  • Offences against women.

  • Defamation

Constitutional Law

  • Distinctive features of the Constitution and Borrowed Provisions incorporated

  • Fundamental rights – Public interest litigation; Legal Aid under Article 39A and Legal services Authority Act, 1987

  • Tri-relationship between fundamental rights, directive principles and fundamental duties.

  • Constitutional position of the President and Governor and relation with the Council of Ministers.

  • Supreme Court and High Courts

  • Centre, States and local relations.

  • Legislative powers, privileges and immunities.

  • Services under the Union and the States

  • Administrative tribunals.

  • Emergency provisions.

  • Amendment of the Constitution.

  • Delegated legislation and its constitutionality.

  • Separation of powers and constitutional governance.

  • Judicial review of administrative action.

  • Ombudsman: Lokayukta, Lokpal etc

International Law

  • Nature and definition of international law.

  • Relationship between international law and municipal law.

  • State recognition and state succession.

  • Law of the sea: Inland waters, territorial sea, contiguous zone, continental shelf, exclusive economic zone, high seas.

  • Territorial jurisdiction of States, extradition and asylum.

  • Treaties: Formation, application, termination and reservation.

  • United Nations: Its principal organs, powers, functions and reform.

  • Peaceful settlement of disputes – different modes.

  • Fundamental principles of international humanitarian law – International conventions and contemporary developments.

  • Legality of the use of nuclear weapons- NPT, CTBT, Nuclear Prohibition Treaty.

  • International terrorism, state sponsored terrorism, hijacking, and international criminal court.

  • New international economic order and monetary law: WTO, TRIPS, GATT, IMF, World Bank.

  • Protection and improvement of the human environment: International effort